This map represents important habitats for the focal species, as well as their overall migration range. Open the legend using the icon in the top left corner of the map to toggle layers on and off to look at each bird individually, explore ground, aerial, and space imagery, and learn more about each location!
These migration routes were mapped using spatial data from a variety of sources including the IUCN Red List, COSEWIC and USFWS reports, and scientific articles. Follow the links for each species to learn more.
– IUCN Red List (2018)
– Verhoeven et al. (2020). Migration route, stopping sites, and non-breeding destinations of adult Black-tailed Godwits breeding in southwest Fryslân, The Netherlands. Journal of Ornithology
– Senner et al. (2019). High Migratory Survival and Highly Variable Migratory Behavior in Black-Tailed Godwits. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
– Birds Canada Atlas Map for Piping Plovers
– Species at Risk Act: Recovery Strategy for the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus melodus) in Canada
– COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)
– Barshep (2011). Migration and moult strategy of the curlew sandpiper. University of Cape Town
– Diadicheva & Khomenko (2006). Migration of Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea through the Azov–Black Sea region, Ukraine. International Wader Studies
– Atkinson et al. (2005). Unravelling the migration and moult strategies of a long‐distance migrant using stable isotopes: Red Knot Calidris canutus movements in the Americas. Ibis
– Ontario Red Knot rufa subspecies recovery strategy
– USFWS Rufa Red Knot Background Information and Threats Assessment